News Post

Biological Warfare in Syria

By Manuel João Faria Guimarães, representing the UN press office,

On 28 September, the Disarmament Commission of Johannesburg Model United Nations (JoMUNDC) debated this issue of the Assad regime using biological weapons in the Syrian civil war. There was hope for a speedy and effective solution.

The Assad regime received several warnings from countries such as the US to stop all attacks using biological weapons.

Those warnings pressured the Syrian government into making and signing treaties where it was announced that there wouldn't be any more attacks involving biological weapons, but those accords were violated many times it is now necessary to find new solutions to this problem.

The Disarmament Commission in full debate.

The motion submitted by the UK recommended an international cooperation to coerce the Syrian state into making the necessary alterations with the proper supervision so that the best results can be achieved.

According to the resolution Syria would be investigated so that the parties involved in any conflicts involving biological weapons received sanctions. The responsible for this procedure would be the Joint Investigative Mechanism (JIM) which would have the responsibility to eliminate any chemical weapon programs, listing all the chemical arms and events were they were used and determine if biological warfare is associated to those events.

For this to happen successfully, JIM's protocols would be altered so that they could execute the work assigned with no obstacles.

It was also proposed that a Failsafe Disarmament Initiative (FDI) should be created to end future conflicts by disarming the groups in the ongoing Syrian War, if those posses lethal biological and/or chemical weapons.

In the end the resolution also recommended that measures be taken to properly protecting and aiding all those who have been cough in the middle of the conflicts. These clauses were considered to be drifting away from the disarmament issue.

By the end the debate, the Ukraine submitted an amendment that would reduced the original clauses to one clause.

"Encourages the UN should send peacekeeping forces to defend Syrian chemical/biological weapon stockpiles while they are being defused and oversee the disarmament of the weapons is done correctly and in a safe manner.

When passing this amendment, the content of the resolution was changed so much the resolution automatically failed. 

The debate ended with no resolution, leaving space to new motions in future conferences.