Most work-related injuries are generally caused by
- Repetitive movements
- The way you sit or stand (posture)
- Bending over, lifting heavy objects, or using pressure or force
Meaning of ergonomics
noun: the study of people's efficiency in their working environment.
Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Workplace
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) affect the muscles, nerves, blood vessels, ligaments and tendons. Workers in many different industries and occupations can be exposed to risk factors at work, such as lifting heavy items, bending, reaching overhead, pushing and pulling heavy loads, working in awkward body postures and performing the same or similar tasks repetitively. Exposure to these known risk factors for MSDs increases a worker's risk of injury.
Work-related MSDs can be prevented. Ergonomics --- fitting a job to a person --- helps lessen muscle fatigue, increases productivity and reduces the number and severity of work-related MSDs.
Examples of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Rotator cuff injuries (affects the shoulder)
- Epicondylitis (affects the elbow)
- Trigger finger
- Muscle strains and low back injuries
Impact of MSDs in the workplace
Work related MSDs are among the most frequently reported causes of lost or restricted work time.
A process for protecting workers
Employers are responsible for providing a safe and healthful workplace for their workers. In the workplace, the number and severity of MSDs resulting from physical overexertion, and their associated costs, can be substantially reduced by applying ergonomic principals.
Ergonomics and office set up
Even the simple office setting must be taken very seriously for health and safety issues.
The goal of office ergonomics is to set up an office work space/ environment that fit the worker and the work that is performed.
Sitting awkwardly or with difficult lighting conditions could for example affect your health.
Ideal computer workstation